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FOREWORD

Gyantsen Norpo, a six-year old boy born in Lhari County innorthern Tibet was confirmed on November 29 1995 (the eighth day of the tenth month in theWood-Pig year of the Tibetan calendar), as the Tenth Panchen Erdeni's (Bainqen Erdni's)reincarnation after lot-drawing from a golden urn according to the established religious rituals and historical conventions of Tibetan Buddhism The Central People's Government approved Gyantsen Norpo's succession as the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni. This is a ma)or event in Buddhist circles as well as a joyous occasion in TibetaBn society How was the Tenth Panchen Lama's reincarnation sought for and found? What is the basis for the confirmation? What is the procedure? What is the family background and other personal conditions of the reincarnation" What is the response from all circles? How did the Dalai Lama interfere with the search for the reincarnation during its process? Why was the "reincarnation" designated arbitrarily by the Dalai Lama illegal and therefore invalid? What was the whole process of the enthronement of the Eleventh Panchen Lama? All these are questions the domestic and foreign pubic want to know. Using hard facts this book answers in detail all these questions. a2.jpg

THE PASSING AWAY AND LAST WORDS OF THE TENTH PANCHEN LAMA The Panchen Lama s a leader of the Gelug (Yellow) Sect of Tibetan Buddhism Tsongkapa. founder of the Gelug Sect, had three chef disciples-Gyaltsagyi, Khedrupgyi and Gendun Drupa (the First Dalai Lama) Among them Khedrupgyi Geleg Pasang was none o he. than the First Panchen Lama who made great contribytions to the Gelug Sect Tsongkapa, Khedrupgyi and Gyaltsabgyi are always referred to by Tibetan Buddhist circles as the revered trinity teacher and pup Is 1645 the resident local leader of the Qing Dynasty in Tibet Gushihan (Gushri Khan) bestowed up n re Fourth Panchen Losang Chosgy the honorific t e "Panchen Pokedor." This was the first ues o' the title "Panchen." The title was also given to his three Predecessors retroactively n April 1713 Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty bestowed upon the Fifth Panchen Lama the title of "Panchen Erdeni" together with a title-conferring gold-gilt album and a gold seal of authority This was the begnning of the oh the Dalai Lama was also officially bestowed by the centra government of the Ding Dynasty In 1653 Emperor Shunzhi granted the Fifth Dalai Compassion in the West, Leader of the Buddhist Faith Beneath the Sky, Holder of the Vajra," together with a title-conferring gold-gilt album and a gold seal of authority, thus officially establishing the status of the Dalai Lama. The central government of the Qing Dynasty put the Panchen Lama and the Dalai Lama on an equal footing: They both were under the direct leadership of the emperor and their titles were granted by the Qing government Nether the Panchen Lama nor the Dalai Lama was subordinate to the other The Tenth Panchen Erdeni Chosgyi Gyantsen was born n 1938 in Xunhua County of Qinghai Province. At three years of age he was found and selected as the Ninth Panchen's reincarnation by the Tashilhunpo Monastery The selection was approved by the Nationalist Government on June 11 1949 The boy reincarnation asecended the holy throne on August t O in the same year to become the Tenth Panchen Erdeni The Tenth Panchen Lama was an outstanding leader of Tibetan Buddhism a great Chinese patriot and a famous public figure for state affairs He was a vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress the highest organ of state power in China and the honorary chairman of the Buddhist Association of China For decades he resolutely and consistently opposed separatism and made indelible contributions to the unification of the nation and the unity of all ethnic groups He often said that his wish was the realization of national unification and the unity of all ethnic groups the happiness of all people progress in T bet the prosperity of Buddhism and world p ace He vow d on many occasions that he would strive persistently for the real ization of his goals and that if his goals were left unfinished, he would come back in his next life to continue his work On January 13 1989 the Tenth Panchen Lama left Lhasa for X gaze to preside over the inauguration ceremony for the holy stupa of the Fifth to Ninth Panchens The inauguration ceremony was held on January 22 After the ceremony the Panchen Lama officiated at a series of other Buddhist activities Due to overexertion he suffered a sudden heart attack When the central government learned about this it specially sent high officials and medical experts to Xigaze to help his personal doctors but the Panchen Lama failed to respond to medical treatment He passed away at Shadrug Pegyaling of p.m on January 28 1989 On January 24 1989 four days before the Tenth Panchen Lama passed away at a meeting with a part of religious peronages from Tibet Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan who had attended the inauguration ceremony for the stupa he addressed the problem of the reincarnation of Living Buddhas "Choose three can didates first and then examine them one by one he said "I favor the method of drawing lots from the go den urn before the statue of Sakyamuni," he continued These were the last words of the master before his death. After the Tenth Panchen Lama passed away the religlious personages of Chinese Buddhist circles especially the eminent monks and the broad masses of believers of Tibetan Buddhism prayed for his early reincarnation As the Panchen Lama is one of the two great Living Buddhas of Tibetan Buddhism his reincarnation is naturally the concern of the people at home and abroad. The central government deeply regretted the death of the Tenth Panchen Lama and regarded t as a great loss for all China's ethnic groups including the Tibetan people Out of respect for the last wish of the Panchen Lama for the religious beliefs and religious feelings of the broad masses of Tibetan Buddhists and for the established rituals of Tibetan Buddhism the State Council made the Decisions on the Funeral Arrangements and Reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama on January 30, 1989, three days after the master passed away. The Decisions stated: "At the request of the Democratic Management Committee and monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery and referring to historical conventions, the State Council has made decisions on the problems of the late Panchen Lama's funeral and reincarnation as follows: 1. The Tenth Panchen Erdeni Chosgyi Gyantsen's stupa and a memorial hall in his honor shall be built at the Tashilhunpo Monastery in Xigaze for later generations to pay homage to him, to cherish the memory of his merits, both in patriotism and devotion to Buddhism. The People's Government of the Tibetan Autonomous Region and the Democratic Management Committee of The Tashilhunpo Monastery shall be jointly in charge of building the stupa and the memorial hall. For this, special funds shall be allocated by the state. 2. The Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery shall hold religious funeral activities and handle matters related to preservation of the remains in accordance with the rituals of Tibetan Budhism. Special funds shall be allocated by the state for this purpose. 3 The Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery shall be responsible for finding and confirming the reincarnated child of the Tenth Panchen Erdeni Chosgyi Gyantsen; if necessary it may ask the Buddhist Association of China and its Tibetan branch reported to the state Council for approval." The Decisions were signed and issued by Li Peng. Premier of the State Council These decisions of the State Council met with the warm support of the people throughout the country, especially the people from Tibetan Buddhist circles and monks of various sects a3.jpg

THE REINCARNATED BOY IS FOUND AFTER SIX YEARS OF SEARCHING

In order to car y out the three decisions of the State Council regarding building the Panchen Lamas stupa preserving his remains and finding the reincarnated child the state financial department allocated a special fund of Renminbi 77.41 million yuan. The central government and Tibetan governments at various levels as well as relevant departments all went into action actively The remains of the Tenth Panchen Lama were elaborately preserved and his stupa a memorial hall Sasum Namgyal were solemnly inaugurated on September 4, 1993. The search for the reincarnated child began as early as the year when the Tenth Panchen Lama died On August 19 1989 the State Council officially gave its approval to the "Report on the Search for and Confirmation of the Reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen ErdeniChoegyi Gyantsen," which was submitted by the Tashilhunpo Monastery via the Tibetan Autonomous Region People's Government The Council thus set in mot on the formation of the Leading Group for Locating and C n firming the Reincarnated Soul Boy of the Tenth Panchen Lama which was composed of the Living Buddha Gyayag, sutra tutor of the Tenth Panchen, some members of the Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery and some senior Living Buddhas, khenpos (abbots), eminent monks and other well-known Living Buddhas from other areas inhabited by Tibetans. Their job was to take charge of the search and locate the reincarnated child At the same time an Advisory Group was formed to offer their suggestions and advice the chief advisors to the group v ere Zhao Puchu chairman of the Buddhist Association of China, and Phabala Geleg Namgyal vice chairman of the BAC and honorary chairman of the BAC Tibetan the search at the same t me working out appropriate arrangements The search and verification of the reincarnate child was carried out strictly in accordance with long established Tibetan Buddhist rituals and procedures. The procedures included chanting sutras examining reflections in holy lakes paying secret visits to intelligent potential boy candidates and asking them to distinguish things left behind by the Tenth Panchen Lama etc. Spacial sutra-chanting ceremonies were carried out in China's major Tibetan Buddhist monasteries n Tibet and the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan. From December 1990 to July 1993, monks at all the monasteries chanted 23 kinds of scriptures including Kanjur and Tenjur. Some scriptures were chanted over five million times as a way to help the location work In order to accurately locate the reincarnated child make clear the direction in which he was born the year and place of his birth his auspicious signs etc., members of the search team twice went to examine reflections in the lake on carefully selected days Having summed up the results obtained from the observation and considering that the master was facing north upon his death they concluded that the reincarnated child should have been born to the east or northeastof he Tashilhunpo Monastery and ether n the year of the snake the horse or the sheep On this basis secret visits to the potent a reincarnated children began. On February 24, 1994, the Leading Group set up three secret search groups composed of eminent monks and sent them to conduct secret visits During a period of more than a year they found 28 especially talented children n 46 counties of four provinces-Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan-and The Tibet Autonomous Region After that on the bass of examining the reflections n the lake. the year of birth of the candidates characteristics of their living places and the situation of their on-the-spotvisits, especially the various auspicious signs of different candidates they selected seven key candidates out of the 28 candidates This concluded a long process of earnest analysis repeated comparison and extensive screening. As the search for the reincarnated child of the Panchen was being carried out smoothly, the Dalai Lama began meddling and creatingchaos so as to sabotage the work. Starting n December 1993, the Dalai Lama on several occasions sent people to secretly enter Tibet to conspire with an individual at the Tashilhunpo Monastery. This individual on the Dalai Lama's orders deliberately delayed the search process and secretly sent the name list of the 20-odd candidates to the Dalai Lama. At the t me when the on giving its approval to confirmation by drawing lots from the golden urn, on May 14, 1995, the Dalai Lama suddenly announced that a certain Tibetan boy was the reincarnated child of the Panchen Lama The Dalai Lamas announcement met with deter mined opposition in the search group. Losang Gyantsen, honorary director of the Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery and member of the Leading Group for the search gave a talk about this He sad that the Dalai Lama by colluding with an individual at the Tashilhunpo Monastery and presumptuously appointing a boy to be the reincarnated child of the Panchen Lama went against Buddhist doctrine against historical conventions against long established Tibetan Buddhist rituals and against the wishes of the Tenth Panchen Lama He emphatically pointed out that according to historical conventions, the candidates for the potential reincarnated child must be reported to the central government for approval; after drawing lots from the golden urn and the reincarnated child was confirmed, the final choice should then be forwarded to the centra government once more for approval Moreover he pointed out, the parents of re Dalai Lama's so-called reincarnated boy of the Panchen Lama withheld the truth and lied about their son's real age. Their son was born before the death of the Tenth Panchen Lama but they falsely claimed that the boy was horn at the end of April 1989 n order to jibe with the birth date of the potential reincarnated child Singchen Losang Gyantsen said: "The reincarnated child presumptuously designated by the Dalai Lama s not qualified to take part n lot-drawing from the golden urn. We the search group of the Democratic c Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery and the broad masses of monks will ever agree to let him become a candidate From November 8 to 11, 1995, the third meeting of the Leading Group for Locating the Reincarnated Soul Boy of the Panchen Lama was held in Beijing. This was a meeting of decisive significance. Major eminent monks of Tibetan Buddhism serious, and full discussions with regard to some important problems about f he search and verification of the reincarnated child of the Panchen Lama Never before had China seen such a great number of eminent monks taking part in a meeting about the reincarnation of a Living Buddha Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Li Ruihuan made a speech at the meeting He observed, "Its actions over the last sit years demonstrate that the central government is serious about and has paid special attention to the search for the soul boy of the late Panchen Lama AlI it has done is strictly in accordance with the Pad s policy on religion and fully respects the rituals of Tibetan Buddhism and historical conventions." When talking about the Dalai Lama's interference and sabotage he pointed out: "By making a big noise about the reincarnation of the late Panchen Lama the Dalai Lama aimed to change the historical tradition of the Panchen Lama (who loed his motherland and religion) and use the issue to love his purpose of splitting the motherland and religion chaos in Tibet." Li Ruihuan continued: "The central government thinks the condition is ripe and we should...speed up our work so that we can identify the soul boy as early as possible." Meeting participants all held that Tibetan Buddhism like other religions in China must defend the dignity of the law uphold people's interests cherish unify among various ethnic groups and safeguard the unity of the country The search for a d verification of the reincarnated child of the Panchen Lama must abide by religious rituals and historical conventions, especially the system of drawing lots from the golden urn and the principle of seeking approval from the central government By employing trickery and presumptuously designating a reincarnated child the Dalai Lama had violated fundamental Buddhist discipline. The so-called reincarnated child he designated does not accord with the basic requirements of a potential reincarnated child of the Panchen and so he must be denied Personages from religious circles who participated in the meeting after a full discussion came to a unanimous conclusion: They held that the three potential reincarnated children designated by the search group composed mainly of the Living Buddhas and eminent monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery were selected in strict accordance with Tibetan thus are fully qualified for taking part in the lot drawing from the golden urn; and they earnestly requested that the Tibetan Autonomous Region Government examine and verify the three candidates and then report to the State Council for approval. a4.jpg

DRAWING LOTS FROM THE GOLDEN URN

The system of reincarnate Living Buddhas is a unique form of succession in the Tibetan Buddhism The Yuan Dynasty of China (13th century) carried out an institution of t title-conferring on grand Living Buddhas. The Ming and Qing dynasties gradually put the identifying of the reincarnation of the Grand Living Buddhas into the jurisdiction of the central government and into the framework of the states laws and state's. In order to embody the authority of the centra government maintain the unify of the state, and to prevent fraud and malpractices for selfish ends in the process of confirming Living Buddhas' reincarnation the Qing government established a rather complete system for reincarnation with the procedure of drawing lots from the golden urn as its key link In t 793, the central government of the Qing Dynasty bestowed a golden urn on the Jokhang Temple n Lhasa (which was later moved into the Potala) specially for lot-drawing to determine Tibetan Grand Living Buddhas; another golden urn was bestowed on the Yonghegong Lamasery in Beijing specially for lot drawing to determine Mongolian Grand Living Buddhas. For more than 200 years, the institution of drawing lots from the golden urn has been maintained by successive central governments, supported by Tibetan Buddhist circles, and become an immutable historical convent on for determining the succession of the Dalai and Panchen lamas. According to statistics released by L Fan Yuan (the Board for National Minorities Affairs) of the Qing Dynasty during the period from the end of Qing Emperor Qianlong's reign to the 30th year of Emperor Guangxu's reign (1904), 39 major Living Buddhas in Tibet alone, including the Tenth, Eleventh, and Twelfth Dalai Lamas and the Eighth and Ninth Panchen Erdenis, were chosen and succeeded to Buddhist positions through drawing is an indispensable procedure for the confirmation of the Panchen Lamas reincarnation, the lot-drawing may be exempted under special circumstances, but this must be reported to the central government m advance for special approval. Confirming the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama through drawing lots from the golden urn was the wish of the Tenth Panchen Lama as well as the unanimous wish and demand of Tibetan representative personages, Living Buddhas and eminent monks of Tibetan Buddhism After the Tenth Panchen Lama passed away, Vice-Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme and the Tenth Panchen s sutra tutor the Living Buddha Gyayag proposed in February 1989 and August 1990 respectively that the reincarnation of the late master should be confirmed through the method Consultative Conference Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme and the Tenth Panchen s sutra tutor the Living Buddha Gyayag proposed In February 1989 and August 1990 respectively that the reincarnation of the late master should be confirmed through the method of drawing lots in front of the statue of Sakyamuni in the Jokhang Temple In March 1995 during the sessions of the National People's Congress and the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference the eminent monks and Living Buddhas of Tibetan Buddhism who participated in the meetings a said that to confirm the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama through the method of drawing lots from the golden urn would he the most reasonable and fairest method The 8th day of the 1 0th month of the Wood-Pig year n the Tibetan calendar (November 29 1995) was a very auspicious day according to Tibetan Buddhism On this day the lot-drawing ceremony for confirming the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama was solemnly carried out according to the rituals of Tibetan Buddhism in front of the statue of Sakyamuni in the Jokhang Temple n Lhasa. At dawn, the whole temple was brilliantly lit up by thousands of butter lamps and incense was burning In front of the statue of Sakyamuni was a row of seats in which were seated Luo Gan, representative of the State Council and state councilor who had undertaken the special journey to Tibet to preside over the ceremony Gyaltsen Norbu, special commissioner of the State Council and chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region Peoples Government; and Ye Xiaowen special commissionerof the State Council and director of its Religious Affairs Bureau Leaders of the Tibet Autonomous Region Government were seated on the left side of the statue of Sakyamuni, while 44 eminent monks were seated on the right inside of the statue At five in the morning, Luo Gan solemnly read out the approval of the State Council to a report submitted by the Tibet Autonomous Region People's Government entitled, Report for Instructions on Selecting Three Boys As the Candidates for Drawing Lots from the Golden Urn to Determine the Tenth Panchen's Reincarnation. It reads as follows: November 25, 1995 The State Council agrees that three boys will be the candidates for the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama. The State Council shall send its representative to preside over the lot-drawing from the golden urn in front of the statue of Sakyamuni in the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa to determine the real reincarnation according to historical conventions. The chosen reincarnation shall be reported to the State Council for approval before his succession as the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni, so as to win the confidence of the people. The above is our reply. State Council of the People's Republic of China After Luo Gan read out the approval, the whole hall responded with warm applause Afterwards, Gyaltsen Norbu announced solemnly in Tibetan and Han Chinese: Now the lot drawing ceremony for identifying the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Erdeni begins' Amid a storm of applause, two urn-guardian monks carried in the golden urn, which had been standing in front of the statue of Sakyamuni, onto a table in the middle of the stage. A clerk uncovered the urn and picked three ivory slips out of it, on which he glued the pieces of paper bearing the names (written in Tibetan and Chinese) of the three candidates and then h. put them on a tray Gyaltsen Norbu announced: "Now check the candidates' names on the slips." The slips were then pass d to the representative and special commissioners of the State Council, leaders of the Tibet Autonomous Region, senior monks and Living Buddhas, and the parents of the three candidate boys for examination one by one After the name slips were confirmed to be error-free the special commissioner of the State Council Ye Xiaowen again examined every name slip carefully, and then put each name slip into a yellow silk bag and sealed them up. He announced: "The name slips are correctly written and sealed up first piously prostrated himself before the statue of Sakyamuni and the golden urn, and then Put the three yellow silk bags containing the name slips into the urn, shook it several times end then put the lid on the urn. Gyaltsen Norbu announced: Now p ace the golden urn in front of the statue of Sakyamuni and pray for the success of the ceremony The two urn-guardian monks respectfully carried the urn to the original place as the monks in the hall-including senior monks-began to chant the Golden-Urn and Tulku Sutras. After the chanting, Gyaltsen Norbu proclaimed Now Pomi Jampa Lodrup, chairman of the Buddhist Association of China Tibetan Branch and member of the Leading Group for the search, is invited to draw a lot By now all was quiet and still in the hall The two urn-guardian monks once again carried the urn from before the statue onto the table in the middle of the stage. The lot-drawer Pomi Jampa Lodrup is the acting Ganden Tripa (thehighest abbot of the Gelug Sect). He is a man of great learning, now over seventy years old, and enjoys high prestige among Tibetan Buddhist circles He went to the table where the golden urn was, prostrated himself before the Buddha statue prayed silently for a few moments, then took the lid off the urn, turned around the silk bags containing the name slips end took out one of them and handed it to Gyaltsen Norbu, the master of the ceremonies. Gyaltsen Norbu took out the name slip from the silk bag, and announced aloud: "The lot fell on Gyantsen Norpo from Lhari County!" He held the name slip high and showed it to the public Gyaltsen Norbu handed the name slip to Lhapa Phuntso, vice-president of the autonomous region. and the latter showed the name slip to Luo Gan, Ye Xiaowen, leaders of the autonomous region, senior monks and Living Buddhas and the father of the boy whose name slip was picked out, for their examination one by one After examination, the name slip was planted in a sacrificial vessel full of highland barley, which was standing by the golden urn. Afterward, vice-director of the Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery Phunlha took the remaining two name slips out from the urn, removed them of the silk bags and showed them to the representative of the Stale Council special their inspection; and then he showed them to the fathers of e two boys whose name slips were not chosen for their examination. Phunlha reported: "The remaining two name slips have been examined and proved correct!" Then he removed the names from the slips and put the slips on the tray. Gyaltsen Norbu announced: "The remaining slips have been checked-Then he solemnly announced: "Gyantsen Norpo of Lhari County born by his father Sonam Trapa and mother Samgyi Droma on February 13, 1990 (the 19th day of the 12th month n the Earth-Snake year of the 17th cycle of the Tibetan calendar), has been chosen. He shall be reported to the State Council for approval before succeeding as the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni." (Throughout the entire lot-drawing ceremony, the master of the ceremonies made his announcement in both the Tibetan and Han-Chinese languages.) At this time, nearly one thousand representatives Of various ethnic groups and religious believers burst into loud cheers: "Lhagyalo! Lhagyalo!" (meaning "Oracle has won!") and threw barley seeds and flower petals, which symbolize auspiciousness and happiness, to the sky to express their congratulations. The urn-guardian monks carried both the golden urn and the chosen name slip before the statue of Sakyamuni. The lot-drawing ceremony was now successfully completed. Soon after this, the tonsure ceremony for the reincarnated child of the Tenth Panchen Lama began Singchen Losang Gyantsen, honorary director of the Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery, helped the chosen boy from the upstairs of the temple to come before the statue of Sakyamuni to worship and present to it a katag ceremonious scarf and then led the boy to walk around the statue once At the same time, Lama Tsering, director of the Democratic Management Committee, presented a katag to Pomi Jampa Lodrup, sutra teacher of the reincarnated child, and invited him to take a seat on the stage. kowtowed to his sutra teacher, the latter, his face toward the statue of Sakyamuni, shaved the child's head, and then gave him a religious name Jigtson Losang Jampa Lhundop Chosgyi Gyalpo Palsangpo, meaning "a supreme god with limitless power and compassion." At the end of the ceremony, members of the Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery presented katags and dromardrasil (a kind of food symbolizing auspiciousness for treating honorable guests), as a token of theirthanks, to the representative and special commissioners of the State Council, leaders of the autonomous region and all eminent monks present at the lot-drawing and tonsure ceremonies. At six a.m. sharp, the two ceremonies wee successfully completely. In the afternoon of the same day, the title-conferring ceremony for the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni was solemnly held at the Panchen residence in Lhasa-Sholing Dorje Phodrang. The ceremony was presided over by Gyaltsen Norbu, special commissioner of the State Council and chairman of the regional people's government Luo Gan read out solemnly under the National Emblem the State Council's Written Reply on Approving Gyantsen Norpo Confirmed by Lot-Drawing from the Golden Urn to Succeed As the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni The full text of the written reply is as follows: November 29, 1995 Peoples Government of the Tibet Autonomous Region: This is to acknowledge the receipt of your report of November 29, 1995, entitled "Requesting the State Council to Approve the Confirmation by Drawing Lots from the Golden Urn of Gyantsen Norpo to Succeed As the Eleventh Pan hen Erdeni." The State Council hereby approves Gyantsen Norpo, who was born on February 13, 1990 (the 19th day of the 12th month in the Earth-Snake year in the 17th cycle of the Tibetan calendar)in Lhari County, Tibet Autonomous Region, and confirmed by lot-drawing from the golden urn as the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Erdeni, to succeed as the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni. State Council of the people's Republic of China At the ceremony representative of the State Council and state councilor Luo Gan said: When leaders of the central authorities Jiang Zemin, Li Peng, Qiao Shi, and Li Ruihuan learned about the successful completion of the lot-drawing ceremony, they all expressed their congratulations." Phabala Geleg Namgyal, vice-chairman of the NPC Standing search group, read out the congratulatory telegram from the Buddhist Association of China; Dao Shuren, vice-chairman and secretary-general of the Buddhist Association of China, read out a congratulatory telegram from Zhao Puchu, vice chairman of the CPPCC National Committee, chairman of the Buddhist Association of China and chief advisor to the reincarnation search group. The Eleventh Panchen Erdeni and h s parents presented katags to the representative and special commissioners of the State Council to express their gratitude. Special commissioner of the State Council and director of its Religious Affairs Bureau Ye Xiaowen presented gifts to the Eleventh Panchen Lama and his parents on behalf of the State Council. A grand banquet was held n the evening of that same day. Radi, chairman of the Standing Committee of the Tibetan Regional People's Congress, made a speech, congratulating the successful reincarnation of the Panchen Lama. Gyantsen Norpo, the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama, found after six years of search and confirmed m strict accordance with the religious rituals and historical conventions, was thus justifiably and legally approved by the State Council as the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni. Thus, after six years of search, this grand religious event resulted in success. When the go d tidings were announced the cities of Lhasa and Xigaze were plunged into jubilation, with incense smoke curling skyward and firecrackers reverberating. Tibetan Buddhists put on their festival clothes and went to the Jokhang Temp e and Tashilhunpo Monastery to express their congratulations. Ngawang, an 85-year-old elder with the Balangshol Neighborhood Committee, said with his palms put together: "The boy confirmed by lot-drawing from the golden urn in front of the statue of Sakyamuni is undoubtedly the real reincarnation, because it was determined by the Buddha held a spinning prayer wheel and chanted sutras while prostrating himself before the statue of Sakyamuni. He was in fact reciting scriptures and praying for the Eleventh Panchen Lama. Religious figures from Beijing, Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan, and Yunnan and Tibetan monks and laymen, upon learning the good news all jubilantly celebrated the event. Some chanted scriptures, some sent congratulatory cables, and still some held religious celebration meetings. Village d Lhari County in Nagqu Prefecture d Tibet He has regularfeatures, bright eyes and big ears: all these are auspicious looks. The lines on his tongue resemble the Tibetan letter "A," a sacred letter in Tibetan script. a16.jpg

INSTALLATION OF THE ELEVENTH PANCHEN LAMA

According to Tibetan Buddhist rituals and historical conventions, when the reincarnated child of the preceding Panchen Lama is identified and approved by the central government, an installation ceremony shall be held That is, the reincarnation approved by the central government shall ascend the holy throne of his predecessor in line with established Tibetan Buddhist rituals. The installation ceremony of the Eleventh Panchen Lama was held at the Tashilhunpo Monastery in Xigaze. the official seat of the Panchen Lama. On the morning of November 30, 1995, the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni Jigtson Losang Jampa Lhundop Chosgyi Gyalpo Palsangpo arrived in Xigaze, accompanied by leaders of the Tibet Autonomous Region and eminent monks eminent monks Tibet and other places. More than ten thousand monks and laymen of Xigaze gathered together at a grand welcoming ceremony in his honor. A beautiful tent was set up five kilometers away from the city. When the Eleventh Panchen Lama and his party arrived people carried out solemn Buddhist activities in the tent. Afterward, he got into a Red Fly brand limousine and was driven downtown. The car was exclusively used by the Tenth Panchen Lama in his lifetime and was now decorated with yellow curtains. The streets in Xigaze were decorated with colored banners; sutra streamers and colored flags were also displayed atop the buildings of the city; the houses of local residents were all whitewashed and cleaned Many residents put up new curtains on their windows. Farmers and herdsmen in their holiday best came from dozens of kilometers afar to witness the occasion. About eleven a.m. when the convoy came slowly into the downtown area , welcoming crowds shouted with joy. Incense smoke curled up everywhere in the city. Monks and lay people held high katags or joss sticks in their hands and did auspicious dances. When the new Panchen Lama's sedan passed through the gale d the Tashilhunpo Monastery, monks greeted him with solemn religious rituals. An elderly man named Ngodrup was among those in the welcoming crowds. He once served as a personal guard of the Ninth and Tenth Panchen Lamas. He went to the Eleventh Panchen Lama reverently with a katag in his hands and said sobbingly: 'Now I am eighty years old. I served the Ninth and the Tenth Panchen Lamas in the past and hope that I could serve the Eleventh Panchen Lama in the future!" When the Eleventh Panchen Lama came to the Panchen's new residence, Dechen Gesang Phodrang, monks lined up to welcome him with sutra streamers in their hands Giant horns, drums, and cymbals played inside and outside of the residence. Special religious rituals for the occasion were carried out in the residence December 8 1895 was an auspicious day for the Eleventh Panchen Lama to be enthroned. The Tashilhunpo Monastery was filled with a festival atmosphere. This famous Monastery of the Gelug Sect of Tibetan Buddhism has a history of more than 500 years All the halls and temples them were gaily decorated Colored auspicious flags were fluttering in the morning wind. Monks were beaming with joy, some holding incense burners, some carrying sutra streamers, others paying Buddhist music The installation ceremony would be held in the Labrang, one ofthe earliest buildings at Tashilhunpo. It would be jointly presided over by State Councilor Li Tieying, representative of the State Council; Gyaltsen Norbu, the State Council's special commissioner and chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region People's Government: and Ye Xiaowen, special commissioner of the State Council and director of its Religious Affairs Bureau The installation rituals began at eight am in Yige Chotse Hall,where all the Panchen Lamas in history were enthroned Gyaltsen Norbu proclaimed the beginning of installation rituals Eight monks highly versed in Buddhist learning chanted scriptures in chorus in line with Buddhist rites. After that, Li Tieying read out the State Council's Written Reply to the Tibet Autonomous Region Government's "Report for Instructions Regarding the Installation Ceremony of the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni." When monks chanted the Consecration Sutra aloud in unison Li Tieying reached out his hand and gently helped the six-year-old Gyantsen Norpo to sit on the Buddhist holy throne made of sandalwood (according to tradition a new Panchen Lama when succeeding to the abbotship of the Tashilhunpo should sit on the throne of his predecessor). Li Tieying eat beside him. On their left and right sides sat Vice chairman of the NPC Standing Committee Phabala Geleg Namgyal Secretary of the Tibet Autonomous Region Committee of the Chinese Communist Party Chen Kuiyuan, Honorary Director of the Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery Singchen Losang Gyantsen the Eleventh Panchen Lamas sutra teacher Pomi JampaLodrup and the Eleventh Panchen s parents Representatives of eminent monks of Tibetan Buddhism paid homage to and presented katags to the new Panchen who was sitting on the throne. When the religious rituals mentioned above were completed the installation ceremony for the Eleventh After monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery treated guests with chemar, dromar and dromardrasil (buttertea and local light refreshments), Gyaltsen Norbu proclaimed: "With the approval of the State Council now the ceremony for the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni begins!" Amid thunderous Šapplause. Li Tieying came to the table on the stage. The Eleventh Panchen Lama in the company of Lama Tsering director of the Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery and others Stood On the other side of the table lacing Li Tieying. Li Tieying on behalf of the State Council first read out the text on the gold album: Gold Album Bestowed on the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni The State Council hereby approves Gyantsen Norpo who was determined through the method of drawing lots from a golden urn. to be the reincarnation or The Tenth Panchen Erdeni Chosgyi Gyantsen, to succeed as the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni. The Panchen Erdenis of past generations all loved the motherland, safeguarded the unification of the country, upheld unity among ethnic groups, diligently studied Buddhist sutras, and had an insight into human mind and the essence of things. As a* circles and commanded the respect of the world. Now the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama has been legally determined;lthe State Council hereby in line with historical conventions carries out the installation the installation ceremony for the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni, and bestows on him a gold seal Han-Chinese and Tibetan scripts so as to praise and honor him It is hoped that he will carry forward the historical traditions of loving the country and dedicating to Buddhism be kind and helpful to others do his best for the development and progress of Tibet for the well-being and happiness of the people and for the prosperity and thriving of the country State Council of the People's Republic of China Issued on November 29. 1995 Having read out the text on the gold album L Tieying conferred the go d album on the Eleventh Panchen Lama With the help of Lama Tsering the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni took the gold album into his two hands. Afterward Li Tieying read out the words(carved in Han-Chinese and Tibetan languages) on the gold seal: Seal of the Panchen Erdeni." After showing the seal to the people present he put it in the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni'shand. Then Li Tieying announced that President Jiang Zemin of thePeople's Republic of China granted the Tashilhunpo Monastery official seat of the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni a horizontal board inscribed in gold with the characters in Jiang's own calligraphy which read, "Safeguard the Motherland and Work in the Interests of the People Honorary Director of the Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery Singchen Losang Gyantsen and Director of the Commit tee Lama Tsering accepted the board and placed it together with the go seal and gold album onto the altar in front of the religious throne. At this time applause broke out in the hall with drums beating and bugles blowing. Li Tieying and the new Panchen Lama ex changed katags Ye Xiaowen read out a list of gifts presented to the Eleventh Panchen Lama by the State Council the representative of the Tashilhunpo Monastery on behalf of the Eleventh Panchen Lama presented gifts in return Ail the monks presented katags to the Eleventh Panchen Lama and prostrated themselves be tore him to express their love and support In the end Li Tieying encouraged the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni and monks at Tashilhunpo to carry forward the glorious traditions of patriotism and devotion to contributions to Safeguarding the unity of the country,strengthening the unity of all ethnic groups and promoting the prosperity and progress of Tibet. The newPanchen Lama said to Li Tieying: "I am grateful to the central government, to President Jiang Zemin, Premier Li Peng and the representatives of the State Council. Surely I will study hard, love my motherland and devote myself to Buddhism." The installation ceremony ended at half past ten in the morning. When the sun streamed into "Dojal" Courtyard of the Tashilhunpo Monastery, more than 1,200 monks and lay Špeople had gathered there to join in the celebration. The new Panchen Lama, who had just gone through the enthronement ceremony, walked on yellow carpets into the midst of the monks and lay people to receive their homage and congratulations. A hundred-odd monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery queued up to present gifts including brocade, deerhorn with antler, ox horn carved with images of the Buddha, and other valuables to the Eleventh Panchen Lama Next, representatives from other monasteries and temples and from the masses came to the Panchen Lama's throne one after another to pay their homage to him, carrying with them butter grain, and other things.The gift offering activities lasted for about an hour The Eleventh Panchen Erdeni, with smiles or his face all along, received their gifts and solemnly touched their heads with his hand to bless them. On the morning of December 9, the representatives of the State Council and the Eleventh Par chen Erdeni went to the Kyikyi Narkar Garden at Tashilhunpo to watch theatrical performances The 50,000 odd inhabitants of Xigaze came out to see the Eleventh Panchen Lama with their own eyes After various rituals of offering when he watched the large-scale Tibetan song-and-dance performance. By now, the first identifying of the Panchen's reincarnation to be carried out since the founding d the Peoples Republic of China had successfully come to an and.People of various ethnic groups including the Tibetans were filled with joy; they expressed strong support for the new Panchen Lama On December 15, 1995, the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni received homage from 800-odd monks at the Tashilhunpo Monastery his official seat in Xigaze. He blessed them by touching their heads with his hand and presented them each with a "protection knot." In the morning on that day, color streamers were fluttering and Buddhist music might be heard everywhere at Tashilhunpo A great crowd of monks gathered together in the sunlight Hall of the Panchen Lama's residence, chanting sutras. At about ten a m, the Eleventh Panchen Lama ascended his holy throne; monks in the hall chanted in unison the Tulku Sutra" and offered a mandala (made of colored * Panchen Erdeni. They went to the Eleventh Panchen Lama's throne one by one and bowed down their heads to receive his blessing The Eleventh Panchen Lama reached out his hand to touch the worshipers' heads one by one The worshipers were all smiles. The activities of paying homage lasted more than two hours This was the first religious activity the Eleventh Panchen Erdeni engaged in after his enthronement The Eleventh Panchen Erdeni Chosgyi Gyalpo came into the world on the wings of his predecessor's wish This is a most favorable auspice.