Comrade Li Ruihuan's Speech at the Third Meeting of the Leading Group for Locating the Reincarnated Soul Boy of the Panchen Lama

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( Excerpts) November 10 1995 I The death of the Tenth Panchen Lama on January 28,1989 in Tibet was a great shock to Buddhist believers and people of other circles at home and abroad The central government was extremely grieved over the Panchen Lamas sudden death and considered it a tremendous loss to our country as well as to people Of all ethnic groups in China including the Tibetan people The Tenth Panchen Lama was a great patriot a celebrated statesman a loyal friend of the Communist Party of China and an outstanding leader of Tibetan Buddhism in China. For decades he consistently and resolutely opposed actions aimed at splitting the country and made indelible contributions to safeguarding the unity of the motherland and reinforcing the unity of differe nt ethnic groups During his lifetime the Panchen Lama often said that his wish was the realization of the unity of China the unity of all ethnic groups the happiness of all people progress in Tibet the prosperity of Buddhism and world peace. He vowed on many occasions that he would strive persistently to cherish the Communist Par y China, the socialist motherland, his own ethnic could not realize his goal in is life, he would do it in his next life After the Panchen Lama's death, people from Buddhist circles n China, especially the senior monks and believers of Tibetan Buddhism, all hoped that the Panchen's reincarnation would be enthroned as early as possible so that he could carry on with the late Panchen's wishes Out of respect for the late Panchen Lama's wishes, for the religious belief and feelings of the great masses of Tibetan Buddhism believers and also for the religious rituals of Tibetan Buddhism, on the third day alter the Panchen Lama's death, the State Council issued Decisions on the Funeral Arrangements and Reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama The central government hoped that through his reincarnation, the late Panchen Lama's love for his country and religion would be carried forward Soon after that, work on the search for the reincarnation began when with the State Council's approval, a search group headed by the Living Buddha Gyayag and consisting of major Living Buddhas, khenpo abbots and senior monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery was established, and an advisory group formed with Zhao Puchu, chairman of the Buddhist Association of China and Phabala Geleg Namgyal vice-chairman of the BAC and honorary chairman of the BAC Tibetan Branch, as chief advisors In April 1991 and July 1993 meetings were held in Beijing at which the search for the soul boy was discussed At the meetings the search group was adjusted and reinforced and the principles of the search were clarified. It was emphasized that throughout the whole process the searching for the soul boy should respect established religious rituals and historical conventions, adhereto patriotism and submit to the leadership of the central government The central government has shown extreme concern for the identifying of the soul boy and provided timely guidance and help General Secretary Jiang Zemin, premier Li Peng and other central government leaders often asked how the search was proceeding and gave many important instructions The central government allocated special funds and provided other support for the search With the active promotion of the central government and concerted hand work of various departments. substantial progress in the search for the soul boy had been achieved by early 1995 But then, the Dalai Lama illegally announced his selection of the reincarnation on of the late Panchen Lama, interfering with the normal progress of the search. We immediately exposed the Dalai Lama's plot and brought the search back on the right track. Its actions over the last six years demonstrate that the central government is serious about and has paid special attention to the search for the soul boy of the late Panchen Lama. All it has done is strictly in accordance with the Party's policy on re religion and fully respects the rituals of Tibetan Buddhism and historical conventions It is more than six years since the Tenth Panchen Lama passed away, and some people do not quite understand why identifying the soul boy has not been completed In history the length of time taken to search for and confirm the soul boy varied: Sometimes the task took only three years; sometimes it took more than ten years We surely want to do it quicker. The main reason for the delay has been the interference and sabotage on the pan of the Dalai clique. After the State Council announced the decisions on the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama, the Dalai Lama claimed in an outright confrontation with the central government that it was his n responsibility to confirm the new Panchen and he set up his"search group" outside China. We overcame the Dalai Lama's interference and went on with the search for the Soul boy in accordance äwith established religious rituals and historical conventions. We visited and found 28 boys, and after careful screening. we decided on a list of major and dates. Then, through somebody in the search group, the Dalai Lama forcibly put the name of the boy hedesignated into that list Then, as the central government asked for the submission to it of the names of the three boys for the final lot drawing from the golden urn the Dalai Lama, again through somebody, indicated that that the boy he designated should be considered as the reincarnated Panchen Lama But after the central government saw through his intrigue and resolutely opposed it, the Dalai Lama jumped onto the front stage and claimed that the boy he designated was the 'realreincarnation of the Panchen Lama ' A I the Dalai Lama's activities violated established religious rituals and historical conventions and denied the central government's role as the highest authority in finding the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama. They are illegal and invalid and are firmly opposed by people in the field of Tibetan Buddhism t was the Dalai Lamas constant interference and sabotage that delayed the search for the * The fight over the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama is notaccidental. It reveals again the reactionary nature of the Dalai Lama clique. After the defeat of the armed rebellion in 1959 he fled Tibet and has stuck to the position of opposing and splitting themotherl and. In recent years, under the instigation of certain foreign forces, he assessed the situation wrongly and stepped up his acts to split up the motherland On then one hand, he plotted and incited disturbances in Tibetan-inhabited areas in China On the other hand, he foreigners' support in his vain attempt to make the question of Tibet an international ore. By making a big noise about the reincarnation of the late Panchen Lama, the Dalai Lama aimed to change the historical tradition of the Panchen Lama (who loved his motherland and religion) and use the issue to serve his purpose of splitting the motherland and creating chaos in Tibet. Many facts show that the Dalai Lama is the chieftain of the splittist political clique seeking Tibetan independence, the loyal tool of international anti China forces, the chief source of social disturbances in Tibet, and the biggest hurdle to the establishment of normal order for Tibetan Buddhism Everyone, every organization and every religion in China must vindicate laws honor, safeguard people's interests and uphold ethnic and national unity and must not violate state laws, prejudice people's interests, foment splits among ethnic groups or disrupt national unity This is a fundamental rule of conduct The Dalai these nubs. If he had had his way, Tibetan Buddhism would haven been led astray and lost its due status in China. People in Tibet. both monks and laymen, must take a firm, dear cut stand and fight the Dalai Lama's acts against Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism, eliminate his influence in all quarters and realize a long-lasting stability in Tibet. The central government has exercised great restraint and done its very best to point out the right path for the Dalai Lama. It has, on many occasions, reiterated that so long as he recognizes Tibet as an integral part of China, completely renounces the claim for" independence for Tibet' and stops activities aimed at splitting the motherland, we shall negotiate with him and welcome him back to the motherland so that he can do something in the interest of the Tibetan people in hisremaining years. This policy still holds good today. But this does not mean that the Dalai Lama's history of betrayal to the motherland can be rewritten. Neither can the nature of his past deeds be changed. As long as the Dalai Lama continues to betray the motherland and continues making disturbances in Tibet, our struggle with him will continue On the whole, the present situation in Tibet is very good. The search for the soul boy is well under way Under the correct bade ship of the central government, with concerted efforts of people of both The religious and secular circles, the Dalai Lama and company's, interference and sabotage have failed The search group has carefully na examined andsupplemented the list of candidates for the soul boy in accordance with religious rituals. The central government thinks the condition is ripe and we should make good use of our time and speed up our work so that we can identify the soul boy as early as possible When we speed up the process of searching for and identifying the soul boy. we must strictly follow the Party's policy on religion, as well as religious rituals and historical conventions Some people do not understand or misunderstand the religious rituals and historical conventions concerning the Panchen Lama's reincarnation Particularly after the Dalai Lama and h s ilk's wanton distortion there has been contusion about them which callls for clarification. The religious rituals have evolved over history. They have attained completion and become established ones after the Qing government promulgated the system of drawing lots from the golden urn for implementation in 1793. These rituals mainly consist of the following points: 1 Establishment of a search group made up of Living Buddhas and senior monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery; 2. searching for the reincarnation in accordance with religious rituals and procedures; 3 submitting the candidates named for lot-drawing to the central government for approval; 4 the central government sending officials to preside over the lot-drawing ceremony; 5. reporting the selected boy to the central government for official approval of succession; and 6 the ceremony for the enthronement of the reincarnated soul b y to be hosted by officials sent by the central government. Of these six points lot drawing from the golden urns particularly important because it not only upholds the central governments authority but displays "decision by Sakyamuni's dharma as well. It helps remove interferences and prevents malpractices. Therefore it is widely acknowledged by the masses of Tibetan Buddhists We need here to clarify the teacher-pup I or pupilteacher relation between the Dalai and Panchen lamas In history this relation was only an on-and-off matter that came about as the occasion served and certainly not a religious ritual. According to records seven out of the ten Panchen Lamas did not become a pupil to the Dalai Lama This teacher-pupil relation never existed between the Tenth Panchen Lama and the Fourteenth Dalai Lama They took different paths: one loved his country and the other betrayed his country. Before he pase d away the TenthPanchen talked about his reincarnation: I favor the method of drawing lots from the golden urn before the statue of Sakyamuni." In using the "teacher-pupilrelation as a pretext to interfere in the search for the Panchen's reincarnation the Dalai went against not only the religious rituals but also the Panchen Lamas last wishes The search for the reincarnation of the late Panchen Lama has experienced many twists and turns before it faces an excellent situation today, In the past six years, the search and advisory groups have done much hard work the Party committee and government of the Tibet Autonomous Region have also done a lot of work and relevant provinces and regions have given much support. We must seize this opportunity and work harder to do the job well. We must decide on the candidates through concerted efforts as early as possible and identify the soul boy through lot-drawing from the golden urn and report the result to the central government for official approval. Then we shall invite the reincarnated soul boy in, give the tonsure to him and e him ascend the reincarmated soul boy in. At that time, this grand Buddhist event will be completed successfully. Respected monks and comrades: Under the Ieadership of the Party and government historic changes have taken place and remarkable achievements have been made in Tibet in the past decades. But for historical and other objective reasons, there is still a big gap between economic development in Tibet and interior areas and the living standard of the common people in Tibet is comparatively low To develop the urgent wishes fundamental interests of all Tibtan people including religious personnel They are also what the Chinese people at large ardently hope for for this purpose the Party and government have taken many effective measures particularly after the third symposium on work in Tibet was held last year a very good situation has appeared whereby the rest of the country give aid to T bet This has not come easily, so we must treasure it. During his lifetime the Panchen Lama expressed his hope many times that the Buddha's intelligent and auspicious light would shine all * Everyone who really loves d is loyal to the people in Tibet should show sincere concern for Tibet's economic construction and social progress wholeheartedly do practical and good things for the Tibetan people and work for their interests and happinees. I hops all eminent monks here wil use your influence and do your share in this regard. Let us unite under the leadership of the Party Central Committee, with Comrade Jiang Zemin at the core, and work hard for the construction of a united, affluent, culturally progressive, socialist new Tibet!

How the Panchen Lama's Reincarnation is Established

by Guo Xin

The system of reincarnate Living Buddhas is a form of succession peculiar to Tibetan Buddhism. In the 13th century after the death of the leader of the Black Hat ling of the Karma Kagyu Sect the sect chose a coy as his reincarnation for succession to his position It marked the founding of the system of reincarnate Living Buddhas. Since then the system was also accepted by other sects one after another Around the beginning of the 15th century the Gelug Sect of Tibetan Buddhism was established and the lineage's of the Dalai Lama and Panchen Erdeni were gradually formed At that time it was established that without the confiirmation of the central government of the Qing Dynasty the status of the Dalai Lama or Panchen Erdeni in Tibetan Buddhism could not be legalized In order to prevent internal split after the death of Gendun Drupa, the youngest disciple of Tsongkapa, the founder of the Gelug Sect the sect ushered in the system of reincarnation founded by the Karma Kagyu Sect A boy from Tanag in Tsang was designated by some relatives of Gendun Drupa and some leading lamas as the reincarnation of Gendun Drupa.He was the Second Dalai Lama Gendun Gyatso. Thus the system of reincarnate Dalai Lamas came into being. The title of Daiai Lama" originated in the period of the Third Dalai Lama Sonam Gyatso. In 1578 Altan Khan, Prince Shunyi (Loyalty and Righteousness) of the Ming Dynasty,granted Sonam Gyatso the title of "All-Knowing Vajra-Holder the Dalai Lama After that the title was conferred retrospectively on Gendun Drupa and Gendun Gyatso as the First and Second Dalai Lamas by the Gelug Sect In * Lama. Buddha of Great Compassion in the West Leader of the Buddhist Faith Beneath the Sky Holder of the Vajra." Thus the title and status of the Dalai Lama was established and confirmed through title conferring by the central government A I the successive Dalai Lamas had to be granted a title by the central government before their status could be confirmed. And this has become a fixed historical convention ever since. Tsongkapa's other leading disciple was Khedrupgyi Geleg Pasang,who later became the First Panchen Lama. He was six years older than Gendun Drupa and became Tsongkapa's disciple eight years earlier than Gendun Drupa did. He made great contributions to the founding of the Gelug Sect. He Tsongkapa and Gyaltsabgyi (Tsongkapa's other disciple)were respectfully called by Tibetan religious circles the revered trinity©§teacher and pupils."In 1645 Gushri Khan (or Gushihan, who was appointed by the Qing government as a local lord in charge of Tibet) granted Losang Chosgyal the title of "Panchen Pokedor." This is the origin of the title of "Panchen." The titles of all his three preceding Panchens were granted retrospectively. After the death of the Fourth Panchen Lama a boy from Thobgyal in the Tsang region was chosen as his reincarnation .Thus the lineage of the Panchen Lama n the Gelug Sect was founded In 1713 the Ding Emperor Kangxi officially granted to the Fifth Panchen Lama the title of "Panchen Erdeni" and bestowed on him a gold-gilt album and a god seal. After that it became also an institution that all the Panchen Lamas should be confirmed by the central government The system of reincarnate Panchen Lamas enjoyed the same religious status as that of the Dalai Lamas. After the system of n incarnate Living Buddhas was established, through a series of historical events the institution by which the reincarnation of a Living Buddha had to be confirmed through the formalities of drawing lots from a golden urn was finally formed. In history there have been malpractices regarding the determination of the reincarnation of Grand Living Buddhas. As the rein carnation of a Living Buddha customarily had to be determined by Chosgyongs (Guardians of the Doctrine) through invoking divine oracles, thus bribes were often given to the Chosgyongs to influence their selection. This resulted in most reincarnations of Living Buddhas relatives of the same noble family. Some aristocrats and leading lamas took the opportunity to control religious power. Even the Tenth Living Buddha of the Red-Hat line of the Kagyu Sect found an excuse to take over a pan of the property of the Tashilhunpo Monastery When he failed, he collaborated with the Gurkhas and invited them to invade the Tsang region, which endangered the safety of the people and the security of China. In light of the malpractices in reincarnation determination, Qing Emperor Qianlong complied with Tibetan clerical and secular people's request of establishing a long-term institution for Tibet, and after sending troops and defeating the Gurkha invade s, ordered the officials resident in Tibet to discuss and suggest how to improve the situation of Tibet. In 1793, Emperor Qianlong issued The 29-Article Ordinance for Efficient Governing of Tibet, which established the institution of drawing lots from the goldenurn the MoreThe first article ot the imperial ordinance stipulated: When reincarnations are to be determined, their names and dates of birth will be written in the Manchu, Han Chinese and Tibetan languages on slips, which will then be placed in a golden urn provided by His Majesty as a symbol of his support for the Yellow Sect. This procedure, performed in the presence of the Four Guardians of the Doctrine, will be held after a seven day prayer session conducted by scholarly Living Buddhas. Then the reincarnation will be officially confirmed before the statue of Sakyamuni in the Jokhang Temple by Hutuktus and the Amban (Resident Representative in Tibet) . The reincarnations of the Dalai Lama and Panchen Erdeni will be confirmed in the same manner Thus, the institution of drawing lots from the golden urn was established and legalized Fs a state law The institution of drawing lots from the golden urn confirmed the procedure of reincarnation determination of the Panchen Lama. The procedure is as follows: Relevant monasteries and local movernents would be ,. responsible for searching for the boy candidates for the 4 reincarnation in accordance with religious rituals, selection and screening would be done among the candidates; then a report on the intelligence of the selected candidates should t e made to the emperor to ask for permission to carry out lot drawing from the golden urn W ith the emperor's approval, the rite of drawing-lots from the golden urn before the statue of Sakyamuni would be presided over by the Resident Represetaitve in Tibet on an auspicious day to determine the reincarnation, and then the Resident Representative should submit a report to the emperor for the final confirmation of the reincarnation. After the emperor approved the selection, the central government world send highranking officials to supervise and preside over the enthronement ceremony The institution of drawing lots from the golden urn was an important part of the sovereignty the central government exercised over Tibet and was an institution with the highest legal power which ä would be followed from generation to generation It was made by the Qing central government to prevent cheating and graft, protect the Yellow Sect and consolidate the system of reincarnate Living Buddha s It conformed to religious rites and embodied Sakyamuni's doctrine. It also helped to prevent malpractices, safeguard Buddhist doctrine and avoid disputes When the system of drawing lots from the golden urn was promulgated it immediately won sincere support ' of the Dalai Lama and Panchen Erdeni as well as Hutuktus and monks. When the golden urn was sent to Lhasa, the Eighth Dalai Lama expressed his gratitude to the central government of the Qing Dynasty He said: We are deeply grateful to His Majesty, who ordered his imperial guards to escort the golden urn to Tibet to p protect Buddhism. We shall follow His Majesty's instruction. On determining reincarnation we shell chant scriptures and draw lots from the golden urn publicly to select a real reincarnation so as to advocate the Buddhist doctrine far and We. The entire Tibetan clerical and secular population is indebted to His Majesty's kindness The Seventh Panchen Tanpl Nyima said: The imperial envoy escorted the golden urn to Tibet to protect the Yellow Sect All clerical and secular population is indebted to His Majesty for his kindness to us. What we and all lamas can do to express our gratitude is to pray sincerely before the Buddha for His Majesty's longevify." The Ninth Panchen Lama wrote to the president of the Republic of China to express his gratitude to the central government He said: "I am profoundly grateful to you, the great president, for granting me the title of Zhizhong Chanhua (the Most Loyal Propagator) I humbly set up a sacrificial table at the Tashilhunpo Monastery and kowtowed with respect and gratitude to receive the decree from you * urn Four days before his death, the Tenth Panchen Lama said: "I favor the method of drawing lots from the golden urn before the statue of Sakyamuni." The late masters words expreesed his resolute approval of the institution of drawing lots from the golden urn, which had b en handed down from generation to generation So far, the institution of drawing lots from the golden urn has been a state law and a religious ritual which should be observed It is of great significance for the smooth transfer and continuation of religious power, maintenance of stability and progreesive development of Tibet, and guaranteeing the highest authority of the central government in the practice of the reincarnation of Living Buddhas. Ever since the institution of drawing lots from the golden urn was established, the power over it has always been controlled by the central government Although in the practical implementation of this institution in later years adaptations were made in the light of specific conditions, the reincarnated children of Living Buddhas, especially those of the Dalai Lama and Panchen Erdeni, had to be Confirmed by the central government, otherwise their installment would be regarded as illegal, During the period of the Republic of China internal wars and foreign aggreesion emerged one after another, and the central government was weak Nevertheless, the official titles of the Dalai Lama and Panchen Erdeni at that time were still conferred to them by the central government. The reincarnations of the f Seventh and Eighth Panchen Lamas and the Ninth, Tenth and Eleventh Dalai Lamas were confirmed by the central government, whose representatives presided over the ceremony of drawing lots from the golden urn. Because of specific historical conditions and other reasons, the reincarnation or the Ninth Panchen Lama was exempted from the lot-drawing, but the exempted was approved by the central government beforehand. So, whether the lot-drawing was practiced or not, the decision-making power rested with the central government, not with anybody e else. To sum up, after the institution of drawing lots from the golden urn. was set up, the religious rituals for verifying the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama were perfected and finally became a fixed historical convention. The key points of its procedure are as follows: 1 ) establishing a search searching for the reincarnation candidates according to established religious rituals and procedures; 3) submitting the names of the candidates to the central government for approval; 4) the central government sending officials to preside over the lotdrawing from the golden urn: 5) making a report to the central government regarding the selected reincarnated boy for official approval of his succession; and 6) the central government sending officials to pside over the enthronement ceremony of the reincarnation. The Tenth Panchen paseed away on January 28,1989. The central government made a decision to set up a leading group in charge of the search for the reincarnated boy and to verify and confirm the reincarnation through the method of drawing lots from the golden urn. This decision conforms to religious rituals and historical conventions and thus is absolutely right. In August 1989, with the central governments approval, the leading group in charge of the search for the reincarnated boy of the Tenth Panchen was set up. I tconsisted of the Tenth Panchen's sutra tutor the Living Buddha Gyayag, some members of the Democratic Management Committee of the Tashilhunpo Monastery and other eminent Tibetan Buddhist monks The search was carried out strictly in accordance with the rituals ot Tibetan Buddhism. It went through such procedures as chanting scriptures and praying, consulting divine oracles, observing reflections in holy lakes, defining the location and year of the birth of prospective reincarnated boys and paying secret visits to the boys. In June 1989, Living Buddhas Tsegong Trasa Chungpo Losang Donyo, and Pelong Pema Tenzin and others of the Tashilhunpo Monastery went to observe the reflections in Yongtsa Lutso, a lake in Rinbung County, Xigaze Prefecture. In July of the same year, the two Living Buddhas went to look into Chokorgyal Lhamo Lhatso, a lake in Gyaca County, Shannan Prefecture In June 1991 Erchen Palpa and others also went to observe reflections in the Chokorgyal Lhamo Lhatso Lake. Based on these religious activities and the direction faced by the Tenth Panchen at his death, a conclusion was made by the leading group on the direction year and location of the birth of the reincarnation As a result, the group made three secret visits to intelligent boys from February * provinces In January 1995 the persons responsible for the search gathered in Lhasa a d made an analysis of what they had found about the characteristics of direction, year and location of the birth of the reincarnation. After examining the different auspicious signs of the boys they had found, they chose some boys as key candidates After the leading group in charge of the search made a report to the central government about the search work and the candidates, the central government decided that the confirmation of the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen should go through the formality of drawing lots from the golden urn in accordance with religious rituals and historical conventions The central governments decision and the search groups work fully conformed to the rituals of Tibetan Buddhism as well as historical conventions. When the selection of candidates for the reincarnated boy approached the last stage of the established religious rituals, the Dalai Lama, who had betrayed China by fleeing Tibet in 1959, suddenly put forth his own candidate for the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama This occurred on May14, 1995, in India His action went against historical conventions, violated established religious rituals, blasphemed Buddhist doctrines and interfered with the regular procedures of the search work. The Dalai Lama made a big issue of the determination of therein carnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama His ä intention had nothing to do with religion His purpose in trying to oppose the final say of the central government on the question of the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama was to deny China's sovereignty over Tibet and create chaos there. By trying to takeover the power of determining the reincarnation of the Panchen lineage, he tried to control the system of another Living Buddha of Tibetan Buddhism and change the Panchen Lamas historical tradition of loving the motherland and dedicating to Buddhist faith By doing so, he tried to exertinfluence on Tibetan Buddhist believers n a bid to realize his plot of pushing for "independence of Tibet"and splitting the motherland This is the Dalai Lama's real purpose n leaving no stones unturned to interfere with the affairs of the determination of the re reincarnation of the Panchen. That the Dalai Lama went against historical conventions and reincarnation of the Panchen Lama s naturally strongly opposed by the Tibetan clerical and s secular population All the eminent monks Living Buddhas and other religious personages attending the third meeting of the leading group in charge of the search for the reincarnation were of the opinion that to determine the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama through the method of drawing lots from the golden urn and with the confirmation of the central government not only conformed to historical conventions and religious rituals, but also set up a very good rule for the succession of Living Buddhas of Tibetan Buddhism in New China.

The Unauthorized "Confirmation" of the Reincarnation of the Panchen Lama by the Dalai Lama is Illegal and Invalid

Guo Xin

On May 14 1995 the Dalai Lama went so far as to announce abroad his selection of the so called reincarnated soul boy of the Panchen Lama This was a clear attempt to disrupt the normal process of identifying the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama, as the Dalai Lama had no power or authorization to make such a proclamation and completely defied historical precedent. During the course of searching for and confirming the reincarnated soul boy the Dalai Lama and his folowers, in violation of the will of the Panchen Lama resorted to deception disrupted established religious rituals and ignored historical conventions, thus fully revealing their ugly features of blaspheming religion and creating chaos in Tit et I. The Dalai's Unauthorized "Confirmation" of the Puncheon' s Reincarnation Violates Religious Rituals and Historical Conventions With regard to the issue on the selection of the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have consistently stressed that the confirmation process of the Tenth carnation must follow established religious rituals and historical conventions, be true to the behest of the Tenth Panchen Lam- and be carried out under the leadership of the central government On January 30 1989 the third day after the Tenth Panchen Lama passed away, the State Council made the Decisions on the Funeral Arrangements and Reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama, which defines the process of identifying the reincarnated soul boy A search group consisting mainly of Living Buddhas and eminent monks of the Tashilhunpo Monestery should be set up to search for the reincarnated soul boy in accordance with religious rituals and historical procedures; the list of candidates to participate in the lot drawing should be submitted to the central authorities for approval; the central government should send representatives to preside over the ceremony of drawing lots from the golden urn; the name of the chosen soul boy should be submitted to the central government for official ratification; and the central government should send representatives to preside over the installation ceremony for the reincarnated soul boy. The central government's decisions, which fully tally with the religious rituals of Tibetan Buddhism and historical precedence, received popular support from the clerical and lay people of Tibetan Buddhism However, the selection of the reincarnated soul boy was constantly subject to serious interference by the Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lama, in violation of religious rituals, established his own "search group" abroad to contend with the central authorities. In accordance with religious rituals, the group in charge of the search for the reincarnated soul boy of the Panchen Lama should be composed mainly of leading Living Buddhas and eminent monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery.Accordingly, the State Council approved the founding of the search group headed by the Living Buddha Gyayag, sutra teacher of the Tenth Panchen Lama, in conjunction with principal Living Buddhas, the khenpos (abbots) and eminent monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery on August 19, 1989.However, to disrupt the search the Dalai Lama declared the founding of another "search group" abroad on March 24, 1994. The so-called search group, without the participation of any leading Living Buddha from the Tashilhunpo Monastery, did not conform to the religious rituals of Tibetan Buddhism and hence had no authority at all to search for the reincarnated soul boy of the Panchen Lama. -The Dalai Lama instructed an individual to con duct the so-called lake observation, an act which ran counter to religious rituals and historical conventions. According to these rituals and conventions, the search for and confirmation of the reincarnated soul boy should go through such procedures as scripture reciting, praying, divination and lake observation to determine the Iocation and year of birth of the chi d. During the search for the reincarnated soul boy of the Tenth Panchen Lama, the process of lake observation was completed between 1989 and 1991 Before his death, Living Buddha Gyayag, head of the search group, told that individual in person that lake observation had already been completed, and that it should not be conducted again In order to fabricate special characteristics of the b w, he had nominated. the Dalai Lama sent a person to convey a message to that individual on May 12, 1994, instructing him to make another lake observation. In line with the Dalai Lamas instructions, he led some people secretly in October the same year to conduct another lake observation. They did not make preparations beforehand and acted furtively. Haboring ulterior motives, that individual just talked nonsense and totally contradicted established religious rituals. -The Dalai Lama and his followers sabotaged the religious rituals and historical conventions and opposed drawing lots from the golden urn. In accordance with these rituals and conventions, a number of candidates for the reincarnated soul boy must be firstly found, and the real reincarnation of the Panchen Lama should then be determined through the method of drawing lots from the golden urn But the Dalai Lama and his followers insisted on their "sole reincarnated boy candidate" and opposed drawing lots from the golden urn time and again. In March 1995, acting on the orders of the Dalai Lama, that individual called the Tashilhunpo Monastery from Beijing, statinq "we must persist in the sole candidate for the reincarnated soul boy and should not accept drawing lots from the golden urn It will be a disaster it an inappropriate candidate is chosen from drawing lots.... This is the view of that side [referring to the Dalai Lama]" The question must be asked, it the Dalai Lama did not harbor ulterior motives, why was he afraid of choosing an inappropriate candidate from drawing lots?" -The Dalai Lama pitted himself against the central authorities, sabotaged religious rituals and historical conventions and insisted on confirming the reincarnated boy on his own. In aocordance with these rituals * leadership of the central government. It means that the central government holds the supreme authority over the reincarnation of the Panchen. The list of all candidates to participate in drawing lots from the golden urn should be submitted to the central government for approval and the ceremony should be presided over by representatives sent by the central government The name of the chosen boy should then be submitted to the central government for official approval, and finally the central government should send representatives to preside over the Panchen Lama installation ceremony for the soul by However on February 3 1989 six days after the Tenth Panchen Lama's death the Dalai Lama declared: "The task of searching for the reincarnated soul b y of the Panchen Lama has fallen or my shoulders," trying to deny the central governments supreme authority over the reincarnation of the Panchen. On May 14, 1995,after his scheme of disrupting the identifying of the reincarnated soul boy through that individual had been revealed he lost no time in announcing abroad that the boy of his choice was the real reincarnation of the Panchen Lama." These acts of the Dalai Lama's violated religious rituals and historical conventions and hence were completely illegal and invalid. II. The Dalai Lama and Company Practice Fraud to Fool the Broad Masses of Religious Followers The Dalai Lama's "confirmation" of the Panchen Lama's reincarnation is actually a fraud in which he resorted to deception and engaged in malpractice for selfish ends and in the process deceived the broad masses of religious believers. Firstly the Dalai Lama instructed an individual to forcibly enter the name of the boy he selected onto the list of the major soul boy candidates On January 24 and 25,1995 the search group selected seven major candidates from among 28 children found in three secret visits That individual. acting on the Dalai Lamas wishes, asked the eearch group to include the boy designated by the Dalai Lama among the major candidates. The search group, however, held that the boy had to be subject to further investigation. In defiance of the opinions of the majority of members of the search group, religious rituals and historical conventions, that individual forbade any further check and verification, and forcibly entered the name the boy boy onto the list of the major candidates It was a clear act of fraud. * Secondly, the Dalai Lama instructed that individual to designate the child as the "only candidatd for the reincarnated soul boy" by making a false divination through shaking zanba (roasted highland barley hour) dough lumps On February 10, 1995, that individual reported to relevant departments, saying that he had performed the procedures of divination be shaking zanba dough lumps before the stupa of the Tenth Panchen Lama, and confirmed the only candidate for the soul boy." As a matter of fact, what he said about the procedures of divination was hurriedly conducted on February 21, that is, 11 days after he had made the report. At that time,except that individual himself, neither the search group nor related personnel knew what names were in the three dough lumps to be selected. That individual opened the selected lump by himself.He claimed that the name inside was that of the boy presented by him He showed the ivory slip on which the name was written to no one, and what the other two names were remained unknown Thirdly, the Dalai Lama lied about the actual age of the boy he offered According to religious rituals, after the death of a major Living Buddha, reincarnation took place in line with his wishes and primary and secondary causes. It was reported that the boy designated by the Dalai Lama was born before the Tibetan year 1989, or before the death of the Tenth Panchen Lama. The boy's parents sad their child was born on March 24, 1989 Later they told the search group that the boy was born at the end of April 1989, in an attempt to make his date of birth fit for selection. III. The Determination of the Panchen Lama's Reincarnation by the Dalai Lama Fundamentally Goes Against the Panchen Lama's Wishes The Dalai and the Panchen lamas are two major Living Buddha systems belonging to the Gelug (Yellow) Sect of Tibetan Buddhism. The religious ritual of the Yellow Sect has established that the reincarnated soul boy for either the Dalai Lama or the Panchen Lama should become the pupil of an elderly, learned monk who has taken gelong (ordination) vows. In the past few hundred years, some reincarnated soul boys of the Dalai Lama were pupils of the Panchen Lama, and vice versa According to historical records, eight of the 14 Dalai Lamas had become pupils of the Panchen Lamas, but only three of the ten Panchen Lamas had become pupils of the Dalai Lamas. Except for the right to preside over such religious ceremonies as tonsure. giving a religious name to the * designate a reincarnated soul boy. The teacher-pupil relationship between the Dalai and Panchen lamas ceased to exist since the Ninth Panchen Lama because the Panchen Lama was pushed out and persecuted by the Dalai Lama system time and again. In November 1923, the Ninth Panchen Lama was forced to leave Tibet and take refuge in the interior areas From then on the Ninth Panchen Lama started to lead a vagrant life. At the end of 1937, the Ninth Panchen Lama passed away in Qinghai Province. Due to the interference and sabotage by the Dalai Lama and the regent kasha (Tibetan local government), the identifying of the Ninth Panchen Lamas reincarnation was not completed until June 1949. After the Tenth Panchen Lama ascended the throne, he could not return to Tibet and had to take refuge in Qinghai because of the obstructions created by the Dalai Lama clique. When New China was founded on October t, t 949, the Tenth Panchen Lama, on behalf of the Tibetan people, sent a telegraph to Chairman Mao Zedong and Commander-in Chief Zhu De, saying that he hoped for the early liberation of Tibet and that he "awaits an order to return to Tibet The Central Peoples Government attached great importance to helping the Tenth Panchen Lama return to Tibet smoothly and to safeguarding his inherent position and powers. On May 23,1951, the Central People's Government and the Tibetan local government signed the Agreement on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet in Being which specified that the inherent position and powers of the Panchen Erdeni should be safeguarded"; and the inherent position and powers of the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Erdeni refer to their positions and powers when the Thirteenth Dalai Lama and the Ninth Panchen Erdeni enjoyed good relations." Later the Central People's Government decided to help the Panchen Lama return to Tibet safely. On April 28, 1952, the Tenth Panchen Lama arrived at Lhasa sately under the escort of the officials sent by the central authorities. thus ending his longlasting exile in the interior areas of China. That afternoon, the Tenth Panchen Lama and the Fourteenth Dalai Lama met at the Sunlight Hall of the Potala Palace, and held a meeting ceremony as equals rather than as teacher and pupil In 1959. the Dalai Lama betrayed the country and fled abroad. Since then, he has * expressed his love for the motherland and devoted his energy to religion, unity and progress. Until his death, the Panchen Lama remained estranged from the Dalai Lama. After the death of the Tenth Panchen Lama, the Dalai Lama, driven by ulterior motives, continued to sabotage the cause of the Panchen Lama on the issue of the latter's reincarnation. Speaking about reincarnation before his death, the Tenth Panchen Lama said: Ifavor the method of drawing lots from the golden urn before the statue of Sakyamuni." However, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama persistently opposed the method of drawing lots from the golden urn for determining the reincarnated soul boy of the late Panchen, trying to usurp the power over the determination The Dalai Lama and his like cheated people and practiced fraud In an attempt to replace the true reincarnated soul boy with the boy they had chosen. Later they went so far as to declare the so-called real reincarnated soul y of the Panchen Lama. All of their acts blasphemed the last ä IV. The Dalai Lama's Sinister Intentions The Dalai Lama's purpose in trying to seize the power to confirm the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama is to change the Panchen Lamas historical traditions of loving the motherland and religion in a bid to so t the motherland and plunge Tibet into chaos The Fourteenth Dalai Lama has claimed time and again that he is pious religious believer who respects and loves his religion- Yet, with regard to the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama-an extremely serious, cred and important issue in Buddhism the Dala iama sabotaged established religious rituals, defied historical conventions, practiced fraud and cheated eminent monks and re reigious believers in such an unbridled way How can the Dalai Lama be a pious religious believer in light of the aforementioned actions? It the Dalai Lama's schema to undermine the religious rituals and historical conventions of Tibetan Buddhism had succeeded, Tibetan Buddhism would have been led astray and would have lost its due position in our country The Dalai Lama clique ruled Tibet before the peaceful liberation of Tibet in 1951 . For quite a long time Tibet was under the yoke of an inhuman feudal serf system The upper-strata lamas and aristocrats were dictators who cruelly exploited and enslaved their serfs.the Tibetan masses. As a ruler, the Dalai Lama was the upholder 1959, he betrayed the motherland and fled abroad Since then he has been engaged in activities aimed at splitting the motherland and has served as a Welling tool of the international anti China forces. What the Dalai Lama has done in this Tenth Panchen Lama incident has proved once again that he has neither given up his old dream of becoming the "king of Tibet", nor changed his ethnic separatist stance in defiance of the cenlral government. Hence the t 2 billion Chinese people including the masses of Tibetan compatriots will by no means let the Dalai Lama get away with his scheme.

On May 14 1995 the Dalai Lama went so far as to announce abroad his selection of the so called reincarnated soul boy of the Panchen Lama This was a clear attempt to disrupt the normal process of identifying the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama, as the Dalai Lama had no power or authorization to make such a proclamation and completely defied historical precedent. During the course of searching for and confirming the reincarnated soul boy the Dalai Lama and his folowers, in violation of the will of the Panchen Lama resorted to deception disrupted established religious rituals and ignored historical conventions, thus fully revealing their ugly features of blaspheming religion and creating chaos in Tit et I. The Dalai's Unauthorized "Confirmation" of the Puncheon' s Reincarnation Violates Religious Rituals and Historical Conventions With regard to the issue on the selection of the reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have consistently stressed that the confirmation process of the Tenth carnation must follow established religious rituals and historical conventions, be true to the behest of the Tenth Panchen Lam- and be carried out under the leadership of the central government On January 30 1989 the third day after the Tenth Panchen Lama passed away, the State Council made the Decisions on the Funeral Arrangements and Reincarnation of the Tenth Panchen Lama, which defines the process of identifying the reincarnated soul boy A search group consisting mainly of Living Buddhas and eminent monks of the Tashilhunpo Monestery should be set up to search for the reincarnated soul boy in accordance with religious rituals and historical procedures; the list of candidates to participate in the lot drawing should be submitted to the central authorities for approval; the central government should send representatives to preside over the ceremony of drawing lots from the golden urn; the name of the chosen soul boy should be submitted to the central government for official ratification; and the central government should send representatives to preside over the installation ceremony for the reincarnated soul boy. The central government's decisions, which fully tally with the religious rituals of Tibetan Buddhism and historical precedence, received popular support from the clerical and lay people of Tibetan Buddhism However, the selection of the reincarnated soul boy was constantly subject to serious interference by the Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lama, in violation of religious rituals, established his own "search group" abroad to contend with the central authorities. In accordance with religious rituals, the group in charge of the search for the reincarnated soul boy of the Panchen Lama should be composed mainly of leading Living Buddhas and eminent monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery.Accordingly, the State Council approved the founding of the search group headed by the Living Buddha Gyayag, sutra teacher of the Tenth Panchen Lama, in conjunction with principal Living Buddhas, the khenpos (abbots) and eminent monks of the Tashilhunpo Monastery on August 19, 1989.However, to disrupt the search the Dalai Lama declared the founding of another "search group" abroad on March 24, 1994. The so-called search group, without the participation of any leading Living Buddha from the Tashilhunpo Monastery, did not conform to the religious rituals of Tibetan Buddhism and hence had no authority at all to search for the reincarnated soul boy of the Panchen Lama. -The Dalai Lama instructed an individual to con duct the so-called lake observation, an act which ran counter to religious rituals and historical conventions. According to these rituals and conventions, the search for and confirmation of the reincarnated soul boy should go through such procedures as scripture reciting, praying, divination and lake observation to determine the Iocation and year of birth of the chi d. During the search for the reincarnated soul boy of the Tenth Panchen Lama, the process of lake observation was completed between 1989 and 1991 Before his death, Living Buddha Gyayag, head of the search group, told that individual in person that lake observation had already been completed, and that it should not be conducted again In order to fabricate special characteristics of the b w, he had nominated. the Dalai Lama sent a person to convey a message to that individual on May 12, 1994, instructing him to make another lake observation. In line with the Dalai Lamas instructions, he led some people secretly in October the same year to conduct another lake observation. They did not make preparations beforehand and acted furtively. Haboring ulterior motives, that individual just talked nonsense and totally contradicted established religious rituals. -The Dalai Lama and his followers sabotaged the religious rituals and historical conventions and opposed drawing lots from the golden urn. In accordance with these rituals and conventions, a number of candidates for the reincarnated soul boy must be firstly found, and the real reincarnation of the Panchen Lama should then be determined through the method of drawing lots from the golden urn But the Dalai Lama and his followers insisted on their "sole reincarnated boy candidate" and opposed drawing lots from the golden urn time and again. In March 1995, acting on the orders of the Dalai Lama, that individual called the Tashilhunpo Monastery from Beijing, statinq "we must persist in the sole candidate for the reincarnated soul boy and should not accept drawing lots from the golden urn It will be a disaster it an inappropriate candidate is chosen from drawing lots.... This is the view of that side [referring to the Dalai Lama]" The question must be asked, it the Dalai Lama did not harbor ulterior motives, why was he afraid of choosing an inappropriate candidate from drawing lots?" -The Dalai Lama pitted himself against the central authorities, sabotaged religious rituals and historical conventions and insisted on confirming the reincarnated boy on his own. In aocordance with these rituals * leadership of the central government. It means that the central government holds the supreme authority over the reincarnation of the Panchen. The list of all candidates to participate in drawing lots from the golden urn should be submitted to the central government for approval and the ceremony should be presided over by representatives sent by the central government The name of the chosen boy should then be submitted to the central government for official approval, and finally the central government should send representatives to preside over the Panchen Lama installation ceremony for the soul by However on February 3 1989 six days after the Tenth Panchen Lama's death the Dalai Lama declared: "The task of searching for the reincarnated soul b y of the Panchen Lama has fallen or my shoulders," trying to deny the central governments supreme authority over the reincarnation of the Panchen. On May 14, 1995,after his scheme of disrupting the identifying of the reincarnated soul boy through that individual had been revealed he lost no time in announcing abroad that the boy of his choice was the real reincarnation of the Panchen Lama." These acts of the Dalai Lama's violated religious rituals and historical conventions and hence were completely illegal and invalid. II. The Dalai Lama and Company Practice Fraud to Fool the Broad Masses of Religious Followers The Dalai Lama's "confirmation" of the Panchen Lama's reincarnation is actually a fraud in which he resorted to deception and engaged in malpractice for selfish ends and in the process deceived the broad masses of religious believers. Firstly the Dalai Lama instructed an individual to forcibly enter the name of the boy he selected onto the list of the major soul boy candidates On January 24 and 25,1995 the search group selected seven major candidates from among 28 children found in three secret visits That individual. acting on the Dalai Lamas wishes, asked the eearch group to include the boy designated by the Dalai Lama among the major candidates. The search group, however, held that the boy had to be subject to further investigation. In defiance of the opinions of the majority of members of the search group, religious rituals and historical conventions, that individual forbade any further check and verification, and forcibly entered the name the boy boy onto the list of the major candidates It was a clear act of fraud. * Secondly, the Dalai Lama instructed that individual to designate the child as the "only candidatd for the reincarnated soul boy" by making a false divination through shaking zanba (roasted highland barley hour) dough lumps On February 10, 1995, that individual reported to relevant departments, saying that he had performed the procedures of divination be shaking zanba dough lumps before the stupa of the Tenth Panchen Lama, and confirmed the only candidate for the soul boy." As a matter of fact, what he said about the procedures of divination was hurriedly conducted on February 21, that is, 11 days after he had made the report. At that time,except that individual himself, neither the search group nor related personnel knew what names were in the three dough lumps to be selected. That individual opened the selected lump by himself.He claimed that the name inside was that of the boy presented by him He showed the ivory slip on which the name was written to no one, and what the other two names were remained unknown Thirdly, the Dalai Lama lied about the actual age of the boy he offered According to religious rituals, after the death of a major Living Buddha, reincarnation took place in line with his wishes and primary and secondary causes. It was reported that the boy designated by the Dalai Lama was born before the Tibetan year 1989, or before the death of the Tenth Panchen Lama. The boy's parents sad their child was born on March 24, 1989 Later they told the search group that the boy was born at the end of April 1989, in an attempt to make his date of birth fit for selection. III. The Determination of the Panchen Lama's Reincarnation by the Dalai Lama Fundamentally Goes Against the Panchen Lama's Wishes The Dalai and the Panchen lamas are two major Living Buddha systems belonging to the Gelug (Yellow) Sect of Tibetan Buddhism. The religious ritual of the Yellow Sect has established that the reincarnated soul boy for either the Dalai Lama or the Panchen Lama should become the pupil of an elderly, learned monk who has taken gelong (ordination) vows. In the past few hundred years, some reincarnated soul boys of the Dalai Lama were pupils of the Panchen Lama, and vice versa According to historical records, eight of the 14 Dalai Lamas had become pupils of the Panchen Lamas, but only three of the ten Panchen Lamas had become pupils of the Dalai Lamas. Except for the right to preside over such religious ceremonies as tonsure. giving a religious name to the * designate a reincarnated soul boy. The teacher-pupil relationship between the Dalai and Panchen lamas ceased to exist since the Ninth Panchen Lama because the Panchen Lama was pushed out and persecuted by the Dalai Lama system time and again. In November 1923, the Ninth Panchen Lama was forced to leave Tibet and take refuge in the interior areas From then on the Ninth Panchen Lama started to lead a vagrant life. At the end of 1937, the Ninth Panchen Lama passed away in Qinghai Province. Due to the interference and sabotage by the Dalai Lama and the regent kasha (Tibetan local government), the identifying of the Ninth Panchen Lamas reincarnation was not completed until June 1949. After the Tenth Panchen Lama ascended the throne, he could not return to Tibet and had to take refuge in Qinghai because of the obstructions created by the Dalai Lama clique. When New China was founded on October t, t 949, the Tenth Panchen Lama, on behalf of the Tibetan people, sent a telegraph to Chairman Mao Zedong and Commander-in Chief Zhu De, saying that he hoped for the early liberation of Tibet and that he "awaits an order to return to Tibet The Central Peoples Government attached great importance to helping the Tenth Panchen Lama return to Tibet smoothly and to safeguarding his inherent position and powers. On May 23,1951, the Central People's Government and the Tibetan local government signed the Agreement on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet in Being which specified that the inherent position and powers of the Panchen Erdeni should be safeguarded"; and the inherent position and powers of the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Erdeni refer to their positions and powers when the Thirteenth Dalai Lama and the Ninth Panchen Erdeni enjoyed good relations." Later the Central People's Government decided to help the Panchen Lama return to Tibet safely. On April 28, 1952, the Tenth Panchen Lama arrived at Lhasa sately under the escort of the officials sent by the central authorities. thus ending his longlasting exile in the interior areas of China. That afternoon, the Tenth Panchen Lama and the Fourteenth Dalai Lama met at the Sunlight Hall of the Potala Palace, and held a meeting ceremony as equals rather than as teacher and pupil In 1959. the Dalai Lama betrayed the country and fled abroad. Since then, he has * expressed his love for the motherland and devoted his energy to religion, unity and progress. Until his death, the Panchen Lama remained estranged from the Dalai Lama. After the death of the Tenth Panchen Lama, the Dalai Lama, driven by ulterior motives, continued to sabotage the cause of the Panchen Lama on the issue of the latter's reincarnation. Speaking about reincarnation before his death, the Tenth Panchen Lama said: Ifavor the method of drawing lots from the golden urn before the statue of Sakyamuni." However, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama persistently opposed the method of drawing lots from the golden urn for determining the reincarnated soul boy of the late Panchen, trying to usurp the power over the determination The Dalai Lama and his like cheated people and practiced fraud In an attempt to replace the true reincarnated soul boy with the boy they had chosen. Later they went so far as to declare the so-called real reincarnated soul y of the Panchen Lama. All of their acts blasphemed the last ä IV. The Dalai Lama's Sinister Intentions The Dalai Lama's purpose in trying to seize the power to confirm the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama is to change the Panchen Lamas historical traditions of loving the motherland and religion in a bid to so t the motherland and plunge Tibet into chaos The Fourteenth Dalai Lama has claimed time and again that he is pious religious believer who respects and loves his religion- Yet, with regard to the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama-an extremely serious, cred and important issue in Buddhism the Dala iama sabotaged established religious rituals, defied historical conventions, practiced fraud and cheated eminent monks and re reigious believers in such an unbridled way How can the Dalai Lama be a pious religious believer in light of the aforementioned actions? It the Dalai Lama's schema to undermine the religious rituals and historical conventions of Tibetan Buddhism had succeeded, Tibetan Buddhism would have been led astray and would have lost its due position in our country The Dalai Lama clique ruled Tibet before the peaceful liberation of Tibet in 1951 . For quite a long time Tibet was under the yoke of an inhuman feudal serf system The upper-strata lamas and aristocrats were dictators who cruelly exploited and enslaved their serfs.the Tibetan masses. As a ruler, the Dalai Lama was the upholder 1959, he betrayed the motherland and fled abroad Since then he has been engaged in activities aimed at splitting the motherland and has served as a Welling tool of the international anti China forces. What the Dalai Lama has done in this Tenth Panchen Lama incident has proved once again that he has neither given up his old dream of becoming the "king of Tibet", nor changed his ethnic separatist stance in defiance of the cenlral government. Hence the t 2 billion Chinese people including the masses of Tibetan compatriots will by no means let the Dalai Lama get away with his scheme.

Let History Speak for Itself and the Archives Bear Witness

by the Archives of the Tibet Autonomous Region On May 14, 1995, the Dalai Lama presumptuously announced abroad the so-called reincarnated soul boy of the Tenth Panchen Erdeni His act was severely denounced by the masses of religious believers and people from all circles in Tibet and other parts of China Acting under the pretense of religious, the Dalai Lama spread a series of untruths, such as "the selection of the reincarnated Panchen is a purely religious affair which does not require ratification by the central government, and "it is not necessary to draw lots from the golden urn." Are these statements true? History will speak for itself. Inception of the Two Major Living Buddha Systems°™the Dalai and Panchen Lamas By the mid-16th centry, the Gelug (Yellow) Sect founded byTsongkapa had garnered considerable strength in the Tibetan-inhabited areas which ignited an acute rivalry between it and other religious sects and local feudal forces. In order to consolidate and expand its vested interests Sonam Gyatso, leader of the Yellow Sect, made overtures to Mongol chief Altan Khan (who was honored with the title of Prince Loyalty and Righteousness by the Ming court), and the two held a historical meeting in 1578, the fifth year of the reign of Emperor Wanli of the Ming Dynasty In the same year, Altan Khan bestowed on Sonam Gyatso the title "All-Knowing Vajra- Holder the Dalai Lama' Thus Sonam Gyatso was the first lamaist monk ever to be granted the title the Dalai Lama' ('Dalai' meaning "ocean: in Mongolian and "lama meaning "superior man' in Tibetan). By the mid-17th century. the Gelug Sect came into sharper conflicts with other religious sects and the feudal forces. In the U-Tsang an a and Qinghai and Garze In the Kham area. the Yellow Sect suffered heavy at tacks and persecutions from the local authorities. In this desperate situation, the Yellow Sect, then led by the Fifth Dalai Lama Lozang Gyatso, received help from Gushri Khan (Gushihan), chieftain of the Oirat Mongols then stationed at the southern foot of the Tianshan Mountains in current Xinjiang. Thus the Yellow Sect gained a dominate position in Tibetan-inhabited areas. After the founding of the Qing Dynasty in China the Fifth Dalai Lama journeyed to Beijing in 1652, the ninth year of Emperor Shunzhi's reign, to pay his respects to the emperor Following his return to Tibet the next year, Lozang Gyatso received from the emperor a title Conferring gold-gilt album (formerly under the care of the Cultural Relics Commission of the Tibet Autonomous Region) and a gold seal (carved In the Han-Chinese, Tibetan and Manchu languages). This seal is currently in the custody of the Commission and its inscription reads "The seal of the Dalai Lama. Buddha of Great Compassion in the West, Leader of the Buddhist Faith Beneath the Sky, Holder of the Vajra." These presentations by the emperor formally established the title and position of the Dalai Lama The title Panchen first appeared in 1645, the second ,year of Shunzhi reign, when Gushri Khan (the highest political leader in Tibet with the title of Righteous and Wise Gushri Khan granted by the Qing court) honored the Sixteenth Abbot Lozang Choskyi of the Tashilhunpo Monastery with the title of "Panchen Pokedor" ("Panchen" meaning "great scholar in Tibetan and "Pokedor" meaning wise and brave man in Mongolian) after he defeated all the adversary forces of the Yellow Sect and seized ruling power over most of the Tibetan-inhabited areas with the great support of Lozang Choskyi, who had great influence in those areas with his remarkable mastery of the Buddhist doctrines This marked the origin of the title of the Panchen. Lozang Choskyi was later designated as the Fourth Panchen by the Yellow Sect monastery. In 1713, the 52nd year in the reign of Emperor Kangxi, the emperor conferred the title "Panchen Erdeni" on the Fifth Panchen Lozang Yeshe (Erdeni" on the Fifth Panchen Lozang Yeshe ("Erdeni" meaning "treasure" in Manchu) thereby formally establishing the title and position of the Panchen. The abode of the Panchen was also officially designated. Installation of Reincarnated Soul Boys Approved by the Central Government After the Fifth Dalai and the Fifth Panchen received the honorific titles officially granted by the Qing central government the confirmation of later generations of the reincarnated soul boys of the Dalai and Panchen was subject to the approval of the successive central governments in China which would then conferred honorific titles on them. The practice has in tact evolved into a fixed rule. 1. Confirmation of the reincarnated soul boy of the Fifth Panchen. A little over a year after the death of the Fifth Panchen in 1737 the Tashilhunpo Monastery found a soul boy who with the approval of Emperor Gaozong of the Qing Dynasty was installed as the Sixth Panchen. Emperor Gaozong dispatched the Totsange Grand Lamas, Gyakuche and Picheche from Beijing to officiate at the enthronement ceremony of the Sixth Panchen. 2 Confirmation of the reincarnated soul boy of the Sixth Panchen. After the death of the Sixth Panchen, the Tashilhunpo Monastery discovered a soul boy who later became the Seventh Panchen after approval by Emperor Gaozong in 1782. The enthnronement ceremony was presided over by Amban Bo Qing'e. 3. Confirmation of the reincarnated soul boy of the Seventh Panchen. At the time when the search for the reincarnated soul boy of the Seventh Panchen was in progress the Qing government had already promulgated The 29-Article Ordinance for the More Efficient Governing of Tibet and the system for drawing lots from the golden urn to determine the soul boy had already been established and put into practice. Hence, determination of the reincarnated soul boy of the Seventh Panchen and those of the later generations all followed the prescribed rules. 4. The confirmation of the reincarnation of the Dalai Living Buddha system s same as the above. The titles of the Ninth and Eighth Dalai and were respectively conferred by Emperor Kangxi and Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty. The titles of the Ninth and later generations of the Dalai * drawing lots from the golden urn or following its approval of omission of the aforesaid procedure for the selection (All central government documents related to the conferring of the titles of the Fifth and later generations of the Dalai Lamas are on file in the Archives of the Tibet Autonomous Region ) The Formation of the System of Drawing Lots front f be Golden Urn In 1791, the 56th year of the Qianlong reign, the Gurkhas launched a full-scale invasion of Tibet The aggressive army was eventually repelled by the Qing government. Given the drawbacks in Tibetan institutions and the rampant corruption of local officials, the Qing government decided to consolidate the administration in Tibet. Emperor Qianlong instructed Fu Kang'an, commanding general of the Qing expeditionary army, that a proper ordinance should be laid down and should be always abided by." Fu Kang'an joined with members of the Tibetan local government to draft the ordinance which was ratified and formally promulgated by the Qing government in 1793. It was entitled The 29-Article Ordinance for the More Efficient Governing of Tibet(the original document, written in Tibetan, being now on file in the Archives of the Tibet Autonomous Region) The provisions of the first article of the document c m be boiled down to the following: Regarding the search for the reincarnated soul boys of Living Buddhas: The candidates for the soul boys should be selected after undertaking careful investigation and seeking divine advice from the Four Guardians of the Doctrine. The names and dates of birth of these candidates should be written on ivory slips, which Should then be placed in a golden urn bestowed by His Majesty After a seven-day prayer session conducted by erudite lamas, the reincarnated soul boy shall be confirmed before the statue of Sakyamuni by the Hutuktus together with the Amban (Resident Representative in Tibet) If the divine prophecies of the four deities coincide, a blank slip should be put in the urn in addition to the one bearing the name of the prospective soul boy.If the blank one is drawn, that soul boy should not be recognized as the reicarnation, and a new one shall be sought. When the soul boys of the Dalai and Panchen lamas are to be confirmed, their names shall be written on the Slips in the languages, to win the trust of the people. The article provided clear stipulations on the religious rituals and procedures for the confirmaition of the reincarnated soul boys of Living Buddhas. Henceforth, relevant monasteries and local governments obaserved these rituals and procedures on the identifying of Living Buddhas' reincarnations, namely, first by finding the soul boys and then screening them out one by one. No more than three candidates for the reincarnation should be selected after a careful examination, and reports related to each should be submitted to the emperor for approval of the identification procedure of drawing lots from the golden urn. Upon receiving the approval of the emperor, the lot drawing ceremony was held in front of the statue of Sakyamuni on a selected auspicious day The Amban was responsible for presiding over the ceremony and for drawing the lots, and also for submitting the name of the selected soul boy to the emperor, whose approval was required to conclude the whole process. This system of drawing lots from a golden urn is in place even today. Following the introduction of the system, the Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth Dalai Lamas and the Eighth and Ninth Panchen Lamas were confirmed through the process of drawing lots from the golden urn and receiving the approval of the central government. However under special circumstances, this process can be omitted with the approval of the central government. For example, e, the central governments approved the omission of the process of drawing lots in the confirmation of the Ninth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dalai Lamas Nonetheless, no matter the special circumstances involved, omission of this process must first receive the approval of the central government, the sole entity with the right to make the decision.