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中国政协的主要职能The Main Functions of the CPPCC
发布时间: 2015-12-14 14:50:19  |  来源: 中国网  |  作者: 秦金月  |  责任编辑: 秦金月

中国政协的主要职能是政治协商、民主监督、参政议政。这三项主要职能是各党派团体、各族各界人士在中国政治体制中参与国事、发挥作用的重要内容和基本形式,体现了人民政协的性质和特点,是人民政协区别于其他政治组织的重要标志。

The main functions of the CPPCC are political consultation, democratic supervision and participation in the deliberation and administration of state affairs. The three functions are the important contents and basic forms that all parties and groups, personages of all ethnic groups and sectors participate in state affairs and play a role in China’s political system, and have reflected the nature and features of the CPPCC, being a significant symbol for the CPPCC to differ from other political organizations.

政治协商

Political Consultation

政治协商是对国家和地方的大政方针以及政治、经济、文化和社会生活中的重要问题在决策之前进行协商和就决策执行过程中的重要问题进行协商。中国政协的政治协商是中国共产党领导的多党合作的重要体现,是党和国家实行科学民主决策的重要环节,是党提高执政能力的重要途径。

Political consultation means to take consultation on the general national and local principles and policies and the vital issues in political, economic, cultural and social activities before resolution and on big questions in the process of decision and implementation. The political consultation of the CPPCC is an important reflection of multi-party cooperation led by the CPC, an important means of ensuring that the Party and the state carry out scientific and democratic decision-making and the significant way for the Party to improve its governing capacity.

政治协商的主要内容有:国家和地方的大政方针以及政治、经济、文化和社会生活中的重要问题;各党派参加人民政协工作的共同性事务以及有关爱国统一战线的其他重要问题。

The main contents of the CPPCC include the general national and local principles and policies and the important issues in political, economic, cultural and social activities; common affairs of all political parties taking part in the work of the CPPCC and other vital issues concerning patriotic united front.

政治协商的主要形式有:政协全体会议,常务委员会议,主席会议,常务委员专题座谈会,政协党组受党委委托召开的座谈会,以全国政协名义召开的专题协商会,秘书长会议,各专门委员会会议,根据需要召开由政协各组成单位和各界别代表人士参加的内部协商会议。

Political consultation takes the following main forms—plenary sessions of the CPPCC National Committee, meetings of members of the Standing Committee, meetings of Chair’s Council, Standing Committee workshops, forums convened by the leading Party group of the CPPCC National Committee as entrusted by its CPC Committee, special consultations held in the name of the CPPCC National Committee, Secretaries-general meetings, meetings of all Special Committees and internal consultative conferences with participants of the constituent units of the CPPCC and the representatives of all circles as needed.

政治协商依照程序进行。

The political consultation proceeds amenable to process.

民主监督

Democratic Supervision

民主监督是对国家宪法、法律和法规的实施,重大方针政策的贯彻执行、国家机关及其工作人员的工作,通过建议和批评进行监督。中国政协的民主监督是中国社会主义监督体系的重要组成部分,是在坚持四项基本原则的基础上通过提出意见、批评、建议的方式进行的政治监督。它是参加中国政协的各党派团体和各族各界人士通过政协组织对国家机关及其工作人员的工作进行的监督,也是中国共产党在政协中与各民主党派和无党派人士之间进行的互相监督。

The democratic supervision means to conduct supervision through suggestion and criticism over the implementation of national Constitution, laws and regulations, execution of major policies and guidelines as well as the work of state organs and their functionaries. As an important part of the supervision system of Chinese socialism, the democratic supervision of the CPPCC is a kind of political supervision by bringing forward opinions, criticism and suggestions on the basis of the Four Cardinal Principles. It is a supervision taken by the parties and groups and the personages of all ethnic groups and circles participating in the CPPCC over the state organs and their functionaries through the organizations of the CPPCC, and also a mutual supervision between the CPC in the CPPCC and all democratic parties and personages without party affiliation.

民主监督的主要内容有:国家宪法、法律和法规的实施,重大方针政策的贯彻执行,国家机关及其工作人员的工作,参加政协的单位和个人遵守政协章程和执行政协决议的情况。

The main contents of the democratic supervision: the implementation of the state’s Constitution, laws and regulations, execution of general principles and policies, the work of state organs and their functionaries, observance of the CPPCC Charter and performance of the resolutions of the CPPCC by the units and individuals participating in the CPPCC.

民主监督的主要形式有:政协全体会议、常委会议、主席会议向党委和政府提出建议案;各专门委员会提出建议或有关报告;委员视察、委员提案、委员举报、大会发言、反映社情民意或以其他形式提出批评和建议;参加党委和政府有关部门组织的调查和检查活动;政协委员应邀担任司法机关和政府部门特约监督人员等。

The main forms of democratic supervision: recommendations forwarded to the CPC Committees and governments at all levels by plenary sessions of the CPPCC Committees, Standing Committee meetings or meetings of the Chair’s Council; suggestions or related reports forwarded by Special Committees; criticisms and suggestions gathered from the members inspection tours, proposals, tip-offs, speeches at plenary meetings, reports about social conditions and popular sentiment and other forms; participating in the investigations and inspections organized by the relevant departments of the CPC Committees or the governments at all levels; invitation of CPPCC members to serve as specially invited supervisory staff in judicial and government departments.

参政议政

Participation in the Deliberation and Administration of State Affairs

参政议政是对政治、经济、文化和社会生活中的重要问题以及人民群众普遍关心的问题,开展调查研究,反映社情民意,进行协商讨论。通过调研报告、提案、建议案或其他形式,向中国共产党和国家机关提出意见和建议。中国政协的参政议政是人民政协履行职能的重要形式,也是党政领导机关经常听取参加人民政协的各民主党派、人民团体和各族各界人士的意见和建议、切实做好工作的有效方式。

Participation in the deliberation and administration of state affairs means to carry out investigation and study on the important issues in political, economic, cultural and social activities and the problems universally concerned by the masses to reflect social conditions and popular sentiments and have consultation and discussion, and then put forward opinions and suggestions to the CPC and state organs in the form of investigation report, proposal, recommendation, etc. The political participation of the National Committee of the CPPCC constitutes an important form for the CPPCC to perform its functions, and also an effective means for Party and government leading bodies to regularly heed the opinions and suggestions of all democratic parties, mass organizations and the personages of all ethnic groups and circles participating in CPPCC as well as do a good job in real earnest.

参政议政的内容主要有:选择人民群众关心、党政部门重视、政协有条件做的课题,组织调查和研究,积极主动地向党政领导机关提出建议性的意见;通过多种方式,广开言路,广开才路,充分发挥委员专长和作用,为改革开放和社会主义现代化建设献计献策;广泛参与政治、经济、文化和社会活动,对一些共同关心的事项开展评议,等等。

The main contents of participation in the deliberation and administration of state affairs include choosing issues about which the masses concern, to which the Party and government departments pay great attention and for which the CPPCC has the conditions to organize investigations and research, and then initiatively put forward constructive opinions to Party and government leading bodies; offering of ideas and advice on the reform, opening up and the socialist modernization driven by giving full play to the professional competence and role of CPPCC members through various means and by fully expressing views and making full use of talents; taking wide part in political, economic, cultural and social activities, and launching deliberation on the common concerned issues, etc.

参政议政的主要形式有:反映社情民意、各种协商例会,各种专题议政会、专题研讨会、专题调研、委员视察、考察、政协委员参与中共党委与政府统一组织的检查和巡视。

The main forms of participation in the deliberation and administration of state affairs cover reflecting social conditions and popular sentiments, various regular consultative meetings, various special meetings on state affairs, workshops on special topics, investigations and studies about special topics, inspections by CPPCC members and their participation in the checks and inspection tours jointly organized by CPC committees and governments at all levels.

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